This fern can be easily identified by its dark green pinnae with an almost leathery appearance, in late spring/early summer the underside of fertile fronds produce dark brown to bright orange spores with which the plant is able to reproduce.
This fern is an evergreen - sterile fronds and non-fertile portions of fertile fronds remain green through the winter, although they are often flattened by snow.
Some say the name Christmas Fern comes from the shape of the fern's pinnae (individual leaf on the fern) saying it resembles that of a Christmas stocking.
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Since 2015 we have been exploring and sharing all the amazing things we’ve found in nature.
Emily is an Ohio Certified Volunteer Naturalist who is most often found out in the woods.